Isotherms and kinetics studies of biosorption nickel (II) and chromium (VI) from aqueous solution by dried activated sludge

Document Type : Original Article


1 Environmental Health Research Center and Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Aims: The aim of this study is the recovery of municipal refuse and using it as a biosorbent for Nickel (II) and Chromium (VI) (Ni 2+ an d Cr 6+ )removal from aqueous solutions. Materials and Methods: Activated sludge was obtained from the wastewater treatment plant in a dairy industry. All experiments were performed in the batch system and effective parameters such as the pH, adsorbent dosage, and the initial concentration and contact time of Ni 2+ and Cr 6+ were investigated. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics were evaluated to describe the metal uptake and dynamic reactions. Results: The results of this study showed that with an increasing adsorbent dose and contact time, Ni 2+ and Cr 6+ removal efficiency increased. The maximum adsorption of Ni 2+ and Cr 6+ was obtained in pH 6 and 2, respectively. Meanwhile, with increasing Ni 2+ and Cr 6+ concentration, the removal efficiency decreased. The results best fitted the Langmuir isotherm and the maximum absorption capacity of Ni 2+ and Cr 6+ onto dry activated sludge (DAS) were 2.17 and 2.23 mg/g, respectively. Analysis of the adsorption kinetics showed that the intraparticle diffusion kinetic had been good and presented Ni 2+ and Cr 6+ uptake onto DAS, and the intraparticle diffusion rate constant of Ni 2+ and Cr 6+ were 0.044 and 0.042 (mg/g min 0.5 ), respectively. Conclusions: According to the results, dry activated sludge is suggested as a low cost and available adsorbent for removing Ni 2+ and Cr 6+ from aqueous solutions.


Volume 1, March
March 2012
Pages 8-13
  • Receive Date: 06 February 2023
  • Accept Date: 06 February 2023