Aims: In this study, the potential capability of compost in the simultaneous adsorption of gas-phase n-hexane and benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, and xylene (BTEX) was studied. Materials and Methods: Batch adsorption technique was used to assess the adsorption properties of compost. The pseudo-first and pseudo-second order kinetics were considered in order to identify the possible mechanism of the adsorption process. Moreover, the suitability of the adsorbent was evaluated using Langmuir, Freundlich and The Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models. Results: After 24 h contact time, the adsorption capacity of one g compost was 1.42 mg n-hexane and BTEX for initial concentration of 7.74 mg/l. The adsorption capacities were in order of n-hexane < benzene < toluene < ethylbenzene < xylene. This order is in accordance to the ascending octanol-air partitioning coefficient (K OA ) order of the compounds (the lowest for n-hexane and the highest for xylene). The kinetics data proved a closer fit to the pseudo-second order model, while the isotherm experimental data were a good correlation to both Freundlich and Langmuir models. Conclusion: The experimental data show that a material with an organic matrix, that is, raw compost, has a higher adsorption capacity for the gaseous compounds with higher K OA . Overall look to the results of this study indicates that although the raw compost could adsorb gaseous n-hexane and BTEX, its capacity may not be sufficient for the continuous removal of VOCs from the air in the compost-based biofilters, in which biodegradation play a key role.